african history facts

Despite the extraordinary contributions of men like George Washington Carver, blacks were not accepted as part of society, even after they were freed from slavery. Fossils found in Africa, show that the modern human beings spread from this continent. What Was the Black Consciousness Movement? Nine of the 10 highest total fertility rates on Earth are African countries, with Niger topping the list (6.49 births per woman as of 2017). In 1964 a hematite mine was found in Swaziland at Bomvu Ridge in the Ngwenya mountain range. The 1976 Soweto Uprising Student Protest Was Met With Police Violence, The Story Behind Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe, Blacks Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents Act. The discoveries suggested the existence of an early aquatic or fishing based culture. Bunche, who was a political scientist and diplomat, won the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation in Israel in 1940s. A modern scholar describes it thus: “The walls of Surame are about 10 miles in circumference and include many large bastions or walled suburbs running out at right angles to the main wall. By 1658 AD, the metropolis, according to an architectural scholar housed “about quarter of a million people”. Bling culture existed in the mediaeval Sudan. The first Africans were brought as slaves to provide forced labor in the American colonies that would become the United States. Lord Lugard, an English official, estimated in 1904 that there were 170 walled towns still in existence in the whole of just the Kano province of northern Nigeria. We've collected a list of 29 facts -- one for each day of Black History Month. 46. 97. Hundreds of ancient texts have survived that were in this script. The oldest known skeletal remains of anatomically modern humans (or homo sapiens sapiens) were excavated at sites in East Africa. 8. 22. On Kongolese metallurgy of the Middle Ages, one modern scholar wrote that: “There is no doubting . At the height of its power, Mali had at least 400 cities, and the interior of the Niger Delta was very densely populated”. An official of the Berlin Museum für Völkerkunde once stated that: “These works from Benin are equal to the very finest examples of European casting technique. They are generally 20 to 30 metres high and steep sided. Ethiopia has 11 underground mediaeval churches built by being carved out of the ground. One source mentions that when the Emperor of Ghana gives audience to his people: “he sits in a pavilion around which stand his horses caparisoned in cloth of gold: behind him stand ten pages holding shields and gold-mounted swords: and on his right hand are the sons of the princes of his empire, splendidly clad and with gold plaited into their hair . In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries AD, Roha became the new capital of the Ethiopians. Black History facts are facts about the history of our country, and the struggle for African-Americans, or blacks, to gain equality and freedom. . They set the second week of February as Negro History Week. Sports are an important part of Black History and there are many Black History facts relating to sports. There was the University Mosque in which 25,000 students studied and the Oratory of Sidi Yayia. A copy of the Times, 17 October 1843. It had a population of 700,000 and may even have approached a million. We aim to promote greater understanding through this knowledge to generate constructive change in our society. 65. Mansa Musa, built the Djinguerebere Mosque in the fourteenth century. Happy learning! The Union eventually won and slaves were freed all across the nation. 61. The gate of the chamber is guarded by dogs of an excellent breed . Some had nine rooms. The term negro is not used today. In Southern Africa, there are at least 600 stone built ruins in the regions of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. Facts about Black History Summary. 100. 31. Skeletons of pre-humans have been found in Africa that date back between 4 and 5 million years. Even before the full extent of the city walling had become apparent the Guinness Book of Records carried an entry in the 1974 edition that described the city as: “The largest earthworks in the world carried out prior to the mechanical era.”, 52. The first Black History Month was celebrated in 1970. “By the year A.D. 1300,” says a modern scholar, “the Yoruba people built numerous walled cities surrounded by farms”. . White landowners in the United States used these people as labor in the agricultural economy of the early United States. In West Africa the Empire of Mali becomes the richest in the world.”. An Egyptian scholar, Ibn Fadl Al-Umari, published on this sometime around 1342. Naturally, no-one wants to explain how this took place approximately 500 years before the time of Christopher Columbus! Who Was Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the Father of Tanzania? It had over a hundred rooms, including a reception hall, galleries, courtyards, terraces and an octagonal swimming pool. In 1926, Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History announced the second week in February would be “Negro History Week”. in itself no mean citadel”. One writer tells us that the Egyptians “manufactured a very striking range of combs in ivory: the shape of these is distinctly African and is like the combs used even today by Africans and those of African descent.”. . Men, women and children were taken from their homes in Africa to be sold. In Nigeria, the royal palace in the city of Kano dates back to the fifteenth century. 96. 75. Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and Historyintroduced Negro History Week in 1926. The fact is that (mostly) they were neither. The ancient Egyptians had Afro combs. The ancient Egyptian city of Kahun was the world’s first planned city. A Portuguese chronicler of the sixteenth century wrote that: “[T]hey are finely clad in many rich garments of gold and silk and cotton, and the women as well; also with much gold and silver chains and bracelets, which they wear on their legs and arms, and many jewelled earrings in their ears”. Technically, these bronzes represent the very highest possible achievement.”, 53. Writing in 951 AD, he told of a cheque for 42,000 golden dinars written to a merchant in the city of Audoghast by his partner in Sidjilmessa. An archaeologist informs us that: “On the site are preserved thousands of documents in Meroitic, Latin, Greek, Coptic, Old Nubian, Arabic and Turkish.”. Adrian Boshier, one of the archaeologists on the site, dated the mine to a staggering 43,200 years old. There were probably many more, but 4,000 are documented to have been helped by the British to flee to Jamaica or Britain instead of returning to slavery in the colonies. In around 300 BC, the Sudanese invented a writing script that had twenty-three letters of which four were vowels and there was also a word divider. . But the South was still inclined to use slavery and these differences ultimately led to the secession of seven slave states in the South from the Union, starting the 4-year long Civil War. with a flat roof and a parapet, and suites of apartments on the first floor. Jesse Owens is another important figure from Black History. Owens ran in the Olympics in Nazi Germany and showed Hitler that blacks could equal or better their white counterparts in sports. Many old West African families have private library collections that go back hundreds of years. Professor Fred Wendorf discovered that people in Egypt’s Western Desert cultivated crops of barley, capers, chick-peas, dates, legumes, lentils and wheat. 27. “In the first half of the first millennium CE,” says a modern scholar, Ethiopia “was ranked as one of the world’s greatest empires”. Less than five months after his triumphant return from London, he tragically died from a typhoid fever at the age of just 25. Amarna may have been the first planned ‘garden city’.”. The Egyptians are known to have sent huge caravans and flotillas on trade missions to Punt—most notably during the 15th century B.C. This is one of the sad Black History facts. African History and Culture. How Many Africans Have Won a Nobel Prize? The residence of the Ghanaian Emperor in 1116 AD was: “A well-built castle, thoroughly fortified, decorated inside with sculptures and pictures, and having glass windows.”.

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