pt:Reino de Judá The Kingdom of Judah (Hebrew: מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Iehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age. The northern king, Pekah, allied with Rezin of Damascus in the face of the Assyrian threat. The possession of this great fortress rendered it possible to hold all the country to the south and the most valuable portion of Benjamin in the immediate north. ), the Assyrian empire came to the fore. ru:Иудейское царство The Kingdom of Judah (Hebrew מַלְכוּת יְהוּדָה, Standard Hebrew Malkut Yəhuda) was the nation formed from the territories of the tribes of Judah, Simon, and Benjamin after the United Kingdom of Israel was divided. Asa then allied himself with the Aramean (Syrian) kingdom of Damascus. When Necho passed through Palestine with an invading force c. 608, Josiah boldly offered him battle at Megiddo, and was slain. Nineveh fell to the Medes, and much of the territory between Niniveh and the Mediterranean came under the new Babylonian monarchy. zh:猶大王國. Modern Israel, ar:مملكة يهوذا However, around 700 B.C.E., he unwisely joined in a military coalition against Assyria. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. It is often referred to as the "Southern Kingdom" to distinguish it from the northern Kingdom of Israel. by Michael D Coogan. ), the son of Asa, fought side by side with Ahab of Israel in the fateful battle of Ramoth-Gilead. Male shrine prostitutes operated not only outside of Jerusalem, but even in the Temple itself in Josiah's day (2 Kings 23:7). In Jerusalem, archaeologists have made an important discovery that is providing new insights into the biblical Kingdom of Judah . Only the Kingdom of Judah is Left in the Land of Israel. After Rehoboam reigned three years, the United Kingdom of Israel was divided in two – the northern Kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam, with its capital, first in Shechem, then Penuel, Tirzah, and finally Samaria, and ruled by a series of dynasties beginning with Jeroboam; and the southern Kingdom of Judah with its capital still in Jerusalem and ruled by the House of David. However, the latter part of the reign of the next king, Asa, faced strong opposition by King Baasha of Israel. The Kingdom of Judah is another great example for how incorrect the actual history of the Bible really is. fj:Na Makanitu Vaka-Jiuta Various critics argue that the biblical writers' justification of repressive policies toward other ethnic and religions groups is not better than the attitude of modern-day militant Muslim sects. Families honored Astarte, the Queen of Heaven, by baking cakes and making drink offerings to her (Jeremiah 7:18). Tel Arad was a small military post on the southern border of the kingdom of Judah; its built-up area was about 20,000 square feet and it housed between 20 and 30 soldiers. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Judah&oldid=1019656, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The Kingdom of Judah's foundation is traditionally dated to the point at which Israel and Judah divided, shortly after the reign of King Solomon, which ended in 931/922 B.C.E.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); However, it should be noted that King David had earlier been anointed king of Judah at Hebron (2 Sam 2:4). They have found what they believe is an administrative center. During this time, Judah and Israel occasionally cooperated against their common enemies, especially the Syrian power centering on Damascus. Hundreds of seals have been unearthed and so have some pagan figurines and this seems to confirm the Biblical narrative about the Kingdom of Judah. However, it goes on at some length to describe God's miraculous intervention to save Jerusalem by sending a mighty angel to smite the Assyrians with a plague. sm:Le Malo o Iuta Even in the capital, the idea that God alone should be worshiped failed to take root. His son Jehoiachin (597) held out for three months and then surrendered. Kingdom of Judah Background. The legitimate successor of the kingdom established by David was the smaller kingdom to the south, which remained true to Solomon's son Rehoboam. ), the prosperity of Judah was renewed. Heading the revived monarchy of Egypt, Necho aimed to supplant Assyria as the dominant force in western Asia. ), the Syrian king Hazael of Damascus ravaged the whole country up to and including the city of Jerusalem. by Oxford University Press, 1999. pg 350, Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, States and territories established in the 10th century BC, http://scholar.cc.emory.edu:80/scripts/ASOR/BA/Borowski.html, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, Children of Israel / Twelve Tribes of Israel, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Judah?oldid=281525. Origins. Hundreds of seals have been unearthed and so have some pagan figurines and this seems to confirm the Biblical narrative about the Kingdom of Judah. no:Kongedømmet Judea Origins. Recently an intellectual movement has arisen to link Judean biblical attitudes with alleged Israeli cruelty toward the Palestinian people. Jehoash's son Amaziah reconquered Edom, which had been lost under Jehoram. However, in the next generation, Jehoram's son Ahaziah, in league with the northern kingdom against Syria, was assassinated by the Yahwist zealot Jehu in the process of Jehu's usurpation of the throne of Israel. Shishak's forces plundered both the city and the Temple but apparently did little lasting harm. The Kingdom of Judah ( Hebrew: מַלְכּוּת יְהוּדָה, Modern Malkut Yəhuda Tiberian Malkûṯ … According to the Bible the Kingdom of Judah along with its neighbor the Kingdom Israel were born out of the United Monarchy. ceb:Huda The name Judah itself means Praise of God. Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 chosen men of Israel fell slain: No 24 WA21946, The Babylonian Chronicles, The British Museum, The Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Jerusalemites worshipped the bronze serpent of Moses (2 Kings 18:4). With the advent of Uzziah (ascended 788/767 B.C.E. Jeroboam urged the young king to relax the labor requirements that Solomon had imposed on the northern tribes, saying, "Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you." In several cases, documents left by non-Judean rulers provide addition information and alternative perspectives to those provided by the biblical writers. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. According to the Bible the Kingdom of Judah along with its neighbor the Kingdom Israel were born out of the United Monarchy. Jehoram succeeded his father, killing six of his own brothers to insure his reign. ro:Regatul Iuda The Kingdom of Judah was an ancient nation that arose in Mesopotamia during the period of the Iron Age. When the Persians conquered Babylonia in 538 bc , Cyrus the Great allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, where they soon set to work to replace the magnificent Temple of Jerusalem that the Babylonians had destroyed. This sin was not his rebellion against the anointed king, Rehoboam, for that had been prophesied and even endorsed by God through Ahijah (1 Kings 11:31). It exaggerates the wickedness of "Canaanite" religion, unfairly denigrates the Northern Kingdom, and favors the priestly elites of Jerusalem at the expense of their geographical and religious competitors. The Kingdom of Judah. The Kingdom of Judah by Debra Scoggins Ballentine. Judah was spared, but it became a vassal state of Assyria. gl:Reino de Xudá For the next sixty years the kings of Judah aimed at re-establishing their authority over the other Israelite tribes. Jehoiakim rebelled. Thus ended the royal house of David and the kingdom of Judah. He fortified Judah's towns, expanded its army, and successfully developed the country's natural resources. The situation did not improve under Manasseh's son, Amon. Thereafter the kings of Judah prosper in war and peace when they "walk in the ways of [their] father David" and eschew to "sin of Jeroboam" (1 Kings 12:29-30). During the reign of Jotham's son Ahaz (beginning 742/732 B.C.E. Later, he collaborated with Israel in shipbuilding and trade. Unwisely joined in a military coalition against Assyria the Medes, and the and. Towns, expanded its army, and Damascus itself fell however, archaeologists have the! Link Judean biblical attitudes with alleged Israeli cruelty toward the Palestinian people yet.! 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